The Aliakmonas Delta covers an area in excess of 40,000 sq. kms. When taken in conjunction with the mouths of the Galikos, Loudias and Axios rivers, and the lagoon of Alikes, the region creates one of the most important wetlands in Europe, of inestimable value to mankind and the environment. There is a vast and thriving range of wildlife to be found here. The fox, the jackal, the marten, the hare, the wildcat and even the wolf live alongside the many animals to be found on its banks.
However, undoubtedly the most important aspect of this wildlife is the profusion of birds of every imaginable variety and hue that are to be seen here. 215 different species of birds have been recorded either nesting or stopping off during their migration.
These include herons, cormorants, geese and other birds, some of which are in danger of extinction. 12 different members of the Duck family have been seen and other endangered species include the wild pelican and a member of the kingfisher family.
In addition to the bird life, at least 30 different types of fresh water fish have been noted, including the Rutilus Macedonicus, as well as frogs, water snakes and water turtles. Other life in the Delta includes bass and mullet as well as other fish straying in from the sea.
The mixture of fresh and salt water provides a favourable environment for the development of shellfish cultivation, in particular that of the Mussel. Approximately 90% of the mussels cultivated in Greece come from this area.
More than 500 varieties of plants, the Water Lily for example, grow here, bringing their colour and their scent with them. The terrain of the Delta has resulted in the formation of small, shallow lakes and sandbanks.
There is the usual rich variety of vegetation, which, in their turn, give rise to myriads of insects of every shape and size. Tall trees reaching skywards combine with the bushes and undergrowth to provide a home for the teeming bird life and shelter for the herons and other birds of prey.
The Marsh of Agathopouli completes the wetlands of the Delta. Formed by the silt deposited by the Aliakmonas River and easily accessible, this is one of the most interesting sections of the wetlands.
The marshland is home to all the birdlife that can be observed in the Delta. Here herons and other wading birds search for food in the water deposited by the river. Thousands of water birds, such as ducks, swans and geese, congregate here in the winter, and the muddy waters provide them with a fertile nesting ground.
There is a kiosk serving the wetlands of the Aliakmonas Delta and Alikes-Kitros at Nea Agathopouli. This serves as a centre for the work of conservation and protection, as well as making the area of the Axios Delta, Loudia, Aliakmonas, Galikos and Alikes Kitros known to the public. The main objective of the kiosk is to keep people informed of the sensitive nature of the area and its inestimable ecological value.
The objective of the kiosk is to help organise and control visitors to the marshland of Agathopouli and the surrounding regions of the Delta as far as Alikes Kitros.